Facts You Must Know About Tubal Sterilization

Tubal sterilization is a permanent surgery meant to prevent further pregnancies in women. It is perceived as a birth control method which is not a reversible process once it is performed. The surgical procedure involves tying the woman’s fallopian tubes that lead from the ovaries to the uterus to prevent fertilization. The fallopian tube provides path for the egg to the uterus and the point where the sperm meets the egg for fertilization. This procedure done on the fallopian tube prevents the sperm and the egg from meeting due to the block or the cut made on the tube. When the sperm and the egg do not meet, then fertilization does not take place.

Tubal sterilization can be done using different methods such as Laparoscopy, Mini-laparotomy and Postpartum. There are other methods used to block, tie or cut the fallopian tubes and women are advised to discuss with their surgeons on which method to use when performing the surgical procedure. The Laparoscopy procedure, surgical tools and viewing instruments are inserted through small incisions in the abdomen.

Mini-laparotomy involves an incision of less than 5cm. Postpartum tubal sterilization is normally done after childbirth as a mini-laparotomy. It is favorably done after child birth since the fallopian tubes are higher in the abdomen and the incision is done below the navel within 24-36 hours after child birth.

Tubal sterilization is recommended for adult women who do not want pregnancies in the future and preferably not for younger women looking for a temporary procedure. The surgical procedure has several risks such as infection the women, excessive bleeding, Ectopic pregnancy, Anesthesia related problems and damage to other organs. There are also factors that may increase the risks involved in the surgery which include obesity, previous abdominal surgery and smoking.

Tubal sterilization is a short procedure that can take 20-30 minutes that is pain free and comfortable since Anesthesia is done during the procedure. It is a major surgery that requires a spinal Anesthesia to the patient. The surgeon makes a cut in the area around the nave and a harmless gas is inserted in the open cut into the abdomen to inflate the abdominal cavity. This makes it easier for the surgeon to see the internal organs using a Laparoscope. A second cut is made above the pubic hair for the surgeon to insert a tool used to grasp the fallopian tubes. The fallopian tubes are then tied and cut. The cuts are sealed and clips or plastic bands are applied. The piece of the cut tube and the tools are removed as all the openings are closed with stitches.

A woman can only become pregnant after tubal sterilization if there happens to be an incomplete closure of the fallopian tubes. Women are allowed to go home after the procedure with only few cases are allowed to stay in the hospital to be observed. There medications to be taken after the procedure and the women are advised to follow their doctor’s prescription till full recovery. Tubal sterilization is considered to have a large initial cost as compared to other contraceptive methods used.

Share Your Comments